Noses

Medical Rhinology explained

Rhinology is the study of the nose, including the sinuses. Medical Rhinology concerns itself with medical and surgical diseases of the nasal passages as well as associated sinuses and the upper part of the airway. Rhinology was practiced as early as about the year 4000 B.C., as there is an inscription on the tomb of Seklet-n-ankl, an old Egyptian physician, that "he healed the King's nostrils".

Individuals with nose and sinus problems can often feel they have a constant head cold. It has significant effects on an individual's sense of well-being, ability to function on a day to day basis and hence quality of life. Although we really need better treatment for these conditions, it is possible to take control and improve symptoms in most individuals with a focuses management approach by an experienced Rhinologist.

Non-Allergic Rhinitis

Sometimes the nose is too reactive to other environmental factors (for example temperature) or even food additives such as sulphites (for example in white wine) which leads to symptoms broadly similar to allergy. Such symptoms are often classified under the umbrella term non-allergic rhinitis. We are only beginning to understand the non-allergic mechanisms that regulate the nose in health and when altered, how it leads to nasal and sinus disease.

Problems can also arise if the nose is under-reactive to the environment. Here, problems with recurrent infections and sinusitis (as examples) can occur. Accurate diagnosis is very important, as other diseases of the nose can mimic allergy and the treatment here is often different (see Rhinology Section).

Sinuses
Non-Allergic Rhinitis